BOR Power® - Nanotechnology
 
bor power nanotechnology
 

Nano Technology is concerned with the research, production and application of materials with ultra-fine structures engineered at the nanometre level (<100nm) - an area of science which is occupying an ever-more important role in our daily lives. One nanometre (nm) is a millionth of a millimetre (mm) or the thousandth of the thickness of a human hair. Thus, nanotechnology deals with the tiny world of atoms and molecules. For example, placing four to six atoms directly beneath each other consumes a length of only 1 nm.

Metallic, ceramic and organic nanoparticles with a diameter of 5 to 100nm are the result of the application of an unique patented process technologies, setting new world records. For more than 15 years, we have been at the forefront of manufacturing boron-based nanomaterials, which have been applied to numerous products. The controlled fabrication of materials at the atomic level together with the utilization of phenomena, which occur at the nanometre scale, fosters an abundance of new applications. Possible application areas are technology hot spots such as energy and environmental engineering, materials, pharmacy, medicine and many more.

At the nanometre level, there is no difference anymore between chemistry, biology and physics. These disciplines converge to a field appropriately named nano science. If molecules can be formed in a way such that each atom has its predefined place, we are able to synthesize arbitrary solids and liquids. Nanotechnology is considered the trend-setting area of research for the couple of decades with an enormous market potential. Experts and media agree that nanotechnology is the key technology of the 21st century.

 
KNOW HOW
 

Our scientists and engineers have invested 15 years of research and development into the production and verification of nano-structured boron compounds obtained using detonation techniques. We are able to produce these materials in considerable quantities. The nano-structured boron compounds are produced by combining the elements of Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen and Oxygen with boron derivatives with a negative oxygen balance. Latter means that the oxygen content is lower than the stoichiometric value. The non-oxidizing atmosphere and the pressure/temperature conditions during the detonations foster the formation of diamond-like boron compounds.

We can control the formation of different types of boron-based nano-crystals of various sizes and chemical decomposition, such as 
  • boron diamond powder (MCDP) 
  • nano boron (NBN) 
  • cubic boron nitride (cBN)
bor power boron
 

Among all types of nano-materials produced by us, MCDP is one of the most interesting due to the broad spectrum of possible applications in various technical fields. MCDP is a diamond-like composite material that consists of boron-carbon (80-89%), nitrogen (2-3%), hydrogen (0.5-1.5%) and oxygen (up to 10%) as well as a small amount of incombustible residue atoms (0.5-8%). The distribution of these ingredients and impurities added through the production process are the key parameters that determine the physical and chemical of MCDP. We have developed unique process technologies that allow reproducing specific key parameters by carefully selecting the pre-cleaning and detonations parameters. X-ray powder diffractometry, electron microscopy and IR spectroscopy are applied to regularly to monitor the quality of the product.

We are the first in the world which is able to produce 4-5 nanometre sized MCDP crystals in large quantities using detonation techniques. The unique characteristics of these nano-particles make plenty of applications possible, from super heat conducting materials for cooling micro chips and curable plastics with properties similar to iron to electro-chemically and chemically deposited ultra-hard metal layers and aluminum alloys with incredible levels of hardness and strength.

Another important application is tribological materials, which drive friction and abrasion in working mechanical systems almost to zero. This lowers the maintenance and part replacement cost of machines.

The friction reduction furthermore decreases the energy consumption, leading for example to a lowered fuel consumption of a car (5-20% less petrol or Diesel).

We Ar-Ge adds these tribological materials to motor and gear oils, which are used in industry and the automobile sector. The MCDP crystals are also applied in the medical section (tumor treatment) as well as the military and the sensor system area.

 
BORON
 
boron molecule
 

Boron is a chemical element (symbol B, atomic number 5) with outstanding and unique properties. It is neither a metal nor non-metal, but a so-called metalloid such as silicon or germanium - thus, it is not surprising that the physical and chemical properties of boron are akin to those of metals and some non-metals.

The outstanding properties of boron can be improved even further with nanotechnology. For example, the boron diamond powder (MCDP) produced by us is used for friction reduction despite - and because of - the unusually high levels of hardness (the base material is boron carbide). This is due to miniature size of the crystals, which act as rolling bearing balls, eliminating abrasion of the treated surface.

No other element exhibits such flexibility in its modifications and such high levels of hardness. The thermodynamic stable b-rhombohedral boron has a Mohs hardness of 9.3 and is the second-hardest material after diamond, with a Mohs hardness of 10.

For further information, please visit http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boron
Boron minerals are those with a significant fraction of boron trioxide (B2O3). Commercially recoverable resources of B2O3 are found world-wide. The main mining regions are: 
  • the South-western Mojave desert (USA),
  • the South Central Asiatic-Alpine belt 
  • the South American Andean belt
 
Application Area
 
bor power application area
 

IMPORTANT APPLICATIONS INVOLVING ELEMENTARY BORON COVER

 
  • engine nano treatment for solid rocket propellants 
  • alloy engine nano treatment for fine grained steels 
  • high-performance steels for the storage of nuclear fuels 
  • nickel-base alloys 
  • de-oxidation of copper 
  • helicopter rotors, tennis racks and golf clubs (crystalline boron and boron fibers) 
  • surface coating of stealth bombers (small radar echo) 
  • pyrotechnic articles and light ammunition (due to intense green flame) 
  • p-dopant of silicon 
  • neutron absorber rod in nuclear reactors (10B) 
  • radiation protective clothing 
  • fertilizer 
  • sterilization of kerosene
 

IMPORTANT APPLICATIONS INVOLVING BORON COMPOUNDS COVER

 
  • detergents 
  • thermal isolation 
  • fibre optic cables 
  • fire-proof boron silicate borosilicate glasses (Pyrex, Duran) 
  • ceramic glaze 
  • pesticides 
  • brake and clutch lining 
  • hard-facing and bullet-proof vests 
  • solder flux (boric acid) 
  • timber preservative (due to little toxicity) 
  • flame retardant for printed circuit boards 
  • UV light absorber in sun protection lotions 
  • Airbag detonators (boron nitrate) 
  • boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) for curing cancer
 
bor power